lake is one of the most significant and best preserved coastal wetlands
in Bulgaria, with international importance for the protection of over
260 endemic, rare and endangered species of plants and animals. That's
why the lake is designated as a protected territory covering an area of
350 ha. It is situated on the migratory flyway Via Pontica and
is an important bird area, which what attracts the lovers of nature. Over
70 species breed in this site, the migrating and wintering species are
considerably more. The lake is one of the few places in Europe where Paddyfield
a typical Asian Species, can be seen. Some rare species breed in the lake
like Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps_cristatus),
Ferruginous Duck (Aythyŕ_nyroca),
Greylag Goose (Anser_anser),
Mute Swan (Cygnus_olor),
Purple Heron (Ardea_purpurea),
Marsh Harrier (Circus_aeruginosus),
Hen Harrier (Circus_cyaneus),
Collared Pratincole (Glareola_pratincola),
Red-footed Falcon (Falco_vespertinus),
Little Bittern (Ixobrychus_minutus),
Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna_ferruginea),
Olivaceous Warbler (Hippolais_pallida),
Ortolan Bunting (Emberiza_hortulana),
Sandwich Tern (Sterna_sandvicensis)
č Caspian Tern (Sterna_caspia).
lakes near Dourankoulak and Shabla provide wintering habitat for over
80% of the world population globally endangered Red-breasted Goose (Branta_ruficollis),
Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax_pygmeus)
and White Pelican (Pelecanus_onocrotalus),
as well as to most numerous (up to 160000) White-fronted Goose (Anser_albifrons),
and Mallard (Anas_platyrhynchos).
The host of wild geese wintering in the lake’s area is certainly one of
the most awesome sights one can see there. The list of wintering birds
include also White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus_albicilla),
Black-throated Diver (Gavia_arctica),
Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps_grisegena),
Grand Cormoran (Phalacrocorax_carbo_sinensis),
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris_ferruginea),
Whooper Swan (Cygnus_cygnus),
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps_nigricollis)
and occasionally White-fronted Goose (Anser_erythropus),
White-headed Duck (Oxyura_leucocephala),
Red-crested Pochard (Netta_rufina)
and Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala_islandica).
In harsh winters Little Bustard (Tetrax_tetrax)
and Great Bustard (Otis_tarda)
also occur in the area. A great number of Pelicans, Divers, Herons, Storks,
Gulls, Falcons, Eagles, Passerines can be observed during their migration.
New birdwatch tower 12 m. high was built back in 2003. It is used for
observation of 70% of the lake's territory.
If you are a devoted birdwather you may stay at comfortable lakeside accommodation of Branta Birding Lodge, near Durankulak
, where you will enjoy its splendid views and exclusive exhibition including detailed photographic and cartographic materials.
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